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Endocrine diseases need to be identified early and are caused by a variety of dysfunctions that occur in various organs such as the pituitary gland, parathyroid glands, thyroid glands, adrenal glands, pancreas, ovaries, testes, kidneys, liver and heart. These dysfunctions can be reversed if treated early to prevent potentially life threatening conditions. Chemical messengers called hormones have many different functions and effects in the body. Most endocrine tissues are glands which release hormones directly into the bloodstream. Very sensitive tests measure these very small quantities of hormone that circulate in the blood.
Endocrine glands that produce too much hormone are usually affected by tumors or abnormal tissue. When endocrine glands have been destroyed they don’t produce enough hormones. The prefix "Hyper" refers to an overabundance of hormone production and "Hypo" refers to a deficiency of hormone production.
Diseases with overabundance of hormone can be treated with tumor removal, radiotherapy or medication. Conditions with a lack of hormone can be treated by hormone replacement, which usually requires lifelong treatment and monitoring.
DETAILED DESCRIPITONS OF ENDOCRINE CONDITIONS
(click on condition for more information)